Homelessness is a vital situation and it happens all around the world. How many people are homeless? Why do people lose their accomodation? What does the latest research tell us about tackling the issue? This article attempts to assess the answers for these questions based on the United Kingdom.
There is no single reason why someone can end up without a home. Personal circumstances and wider factors both play their part. On one hand, some individual factors and experiences can make people more vulnerable to homelessness: including poor physical health, mental health problems, alcohol and drugs issues, bereavement, experience of care, and experience of the criminal justice system; on the other hand, structural factors can include poverty, inequality, housing supply and affordability, unemployment, welfare and income policies.
Personal factors and structural factors are often interrelated; individual issues can arise from structural disadvantages such as poverty or lack of education. While personal factors, such as family and social relationships, can also be put under pressure by structural forces such as poverty.
Not having a home can make it harder for individuals to find a job, stay healthy and maintain relationships, which is one of the biggest impacts of homelessness.
Hani Richter, Natalia Carcame and Liping Luo, those students who are from the Journalism course of London College of Communication, have made a special video about how homeless people ‘graduate’ from bit by bit.
How many people sleep rough in England? It can be difficult to work out the number of people sleeping rough for a number of reasons. People bed down at different times, move about, and can be hidden away in derelict buildings. However, each year every local authority in England does estimate or count the number of people sleeping rough in their area.
According to the Department for Communities and Local Government, it provides an estimate of the number of individuals sleeping out on any one night in England. According to the latest figures, collected in the autumn of 2013 and published in February 2014, 2,414 people are estimated to be sleeping rough on any one night.
This was up 5% from the estimated number of rough sleepers in 2012, 11% from 2011, and 37% from 2010.
Team Members for this project:
Video filming: Hani Richter & Natalia Carcame
Video editing: Liping Luo
Article: Liping Luo
Infographic: Liping Luo
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