Structuralism and after (WEEK 3)

In what ways can post-structuralist theory inform the practice of the contemporary journalist? Discuss with reference to the work of at least one key thinker.

Poststructuralism is the name for a movement in philosophy that began in the 1960s. One of the main theories of poststructuralism is that post-structuralism rejects the idea of a literary text having a single purpose, a single meaning, or one singular existence. Instead, every individual reader creates a new and individual purpose, meaning, and existence for a given text.

On the lecture, Andrew told us the representation – which may represent an original which did not, in fact, exist – precedes, and therefore determines, our understanding of the real.

A major theory associated with Structuralism was binary opposition. This theory proposed that there are certain theoretical and conceptual opposites, often arranged in a hierarchy, which human logic has given to text. Such binary pairs could include Enlightenment/Romantic, male/female, speech/writing, rational/emotional, signifier/signified, symbolic/imaginary. Substituting these two theories into contemporary journalism, that firstly, no news have a single meaning for everyone. Secondly, news should always as neutral as possible, and there’s no right or wrong, true of false on the news stories, there are only facts. To be honest I only understand its definition but don’t know how it relates to journalism too much, that is what all I came up with.

Poststructuralism is a restructure of all categories in the society, for instance, it questioned why gender constitutes a major factor in a social order. It questioned something that human beings think it is just normal and from what people’s words and social activities to explain why human beings are like this. Post-strucutrue focuses on the decomposition of the use of languages.

(Total words: 285)

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